Four expeditions, supported by ENEA (Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l'energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile) and CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche), were carried out (one per Austral summer):

- 1st expedition (XXXII): 3 geochemists, 1 volcanologist, 1 technician, 1 geophysicist performed the geochemical-thermal surveys, installed temporary seismic stations, and collected samples of pyroclastic rocks;

- 2nd expedition (XXXIII): 3 geochemists and 2 technicians performed the geochemical-thermal surveys and installed the seismo-acoustic stations (1 permanent and 2 temporary);

- 3rd expedition (XXXV): 2 geochemists and 1 technician installed a geochemical permanent stations, performed transmission tests, maintained the permanent seismo-acoustic station, and performed the geochemical-thermal surveys;

- 4th expedition (XXXVII): 1 geochemist, 1 technician and 1 volcanologist maintained the seismo-acoustic station and geochemical stations, and perform the geochemical-thermal-volcanological surveys.

During each expedition the personnel lived in the Mario Zucchelli base.


icevolc project expedition